* ICSE 2018 *
Sun 27 May - Sun 3 June 2018 Gothenburg, Sweden
Fri 1 Jun 2018 12:15 - 12:30 at R2 - Empirical Studies and Requirements Chair(s): Julia Lawall

Problem-solving on a whiteboard is a popular technical interview technique used in industry. However, several critics have raised concerns that whiteboard interviews can cause excessive stress and cognitive load on candidates, ultimately reinforcing bias in hiring practices. Unfortunately, many sensors used for measuring cognitive state are not robust to movement. In this paper, we describe an approach where we use a head-mounted eye-tracker and computer vision algorithms to collect robust metrics of cognitive state. To demonstrate the feasibility of the approach, we study two proposed interview settings: on the whiteboard and on paper with 11 participants. Our preliminary results suggest that the whiteboard setting pressures candidates into keeping shorter attention lengths and experiencing higher levels of cognitive load compared to solving the same problems on paper. For instance, we observed 60ms shorter fixation durations and 3x more regressions when solving problems on the whiteboard. Finally, we describe a vision for creating a more inclusive technical interview process through future studies of interventions that lower cognitive load and stress.

Fri 1 Jun
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11:00 - 12:30: NIER - New Ideas and Emerging Results - Empirical Studies and Requirements at R2
Chair(s): Julia LawallInria/LIP6
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results11:00 - 11:15
Martin ShepperdBrunel University London
DOI Pre-print
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results11:15 - 11:30
Matthias GalsterUniversity of Canterbury, Danny WeynsKU Leuven, Antony TangSwinburne University of Technology, Rick Kazman, Mehdi MirakhorliRochester Institute of Technology
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results11:30 - 11:45
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results11:45 - 12:00
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results12:00 - 12:15
icse-2018-New-Ideas-and-Emerging-Results12:15 - 12:30
Mahnaz BehrooziNCSU, Alison Lui, Ian Moore, Denae FordNorth Carolina State University, Chris ParninNCSU