Recent years have seen great progress in automated synthesis techniques that can automatically generate code based on some intent expressed by the programmer, but communicating this intent remains a major challenge. When the expressed intent is coarse-grained (for example, restriction on the expected type of an expression), the synthesizer often produces a long list of results for the programmer to choose from, shifting the heavy-lifting to the user. An alternative approach, successfully used in end-user synthesis, is programming by example (PBE), where the user leverages examples to interactively and iteratively refine the intent. However, using only examples is not expressive enough for programmers, who can observe the generated program and refine the intent by directly relating to parts of the generated program.
We present a novel approach to interacting with a synthesizer using a granular interaction model. Our approach employs a rich interaction model where (i) the synthesizer decorates a candidate program with debug information that assists in understanding the program and identifying good or bad parts, and (ii) the user is allowed to provide feedback not only on the expected output of a program but also on the program itself. After identifying a program as (partially) correct or incorrect, the user can also explicitly indicate the good or bad parts, to allow the synthesizer to accept or discard parts of the program instead of discarding the program as a whole.
We show the value of our approach in a controlled user study. Our study shows that participants have a strong preference for granular feedback instead of examples and can provide granular feedback much faster.
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|Pre-print Media Attached|
|14:20 - 14:40|
Renzo DegiovanniUniversidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Pablo Castro, Marcelo Arroyo, Marcelo RuizDept. of Mathematics, FCEFQyN, University of Río Cuarto, Argentina , Nazareno AguirreDept. of Computer Science FCEFQyN, University of Rio Cuarto, Marcelo F. FriasDept. of Software Engineering Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos AiresPre-print File Attached
|14:40 - 15:00|
|15:00 - 15:20|
Julien LangeUniversity of Kent, Nicholas NgImperial College London, Bernardo ToninhoImperial College London, Nobuko YoshidaImperial College LondonDOI Pre-print Media Attached
|15:20 - 15:30|