* ICSE 2018 *
Sun 27 May - Sun 3 June 2018 Gothenburg, Sweden
Thu 31 May 2018 11:40 - 12:00 at H1 room - Communities and Ecosystems Chair(s): Alexander Serebrenik

Modern code reviews improve the quality of software products. Although modern code reviews rely heavily on human interactions, little is known regarding whether they are performed fairly. Fairness plays a role in any process where decisions that affect others are made. When a system is perceived to be unfair, it affects negatively the productivity and motivation of its participants.

In this paper, using fairness theory we create a framework that describes how fairness affects modern code reviews. To demonstrate its applicability, and the importance of fairness in code reviews, we conducted an empirical study that asked developers of a large industrial open source ecosystem (OpenStack) what their perceptions are regarding fairness in their code reviewing process. Our study shows that, in general, the code review process in OpenStack is perceived as fair; however, a significant portion of respondents perceive it as unfair. We also show that the variability in the way they prioritize code reviews signals a lack of consistency and the existence of bias (potentially increasing the perception of unfairness).

The contributions of this paper are: we propose a framework—based on fairness theory—for studying and managing social behaviour in modern code reviews, we provide support for the framework through the results of a case study on a large industrial-backed open source project, we present evidence that fairness is an issue in the code review process of a large open source ecosystem, and, we present a set of guidelines for practitioners to address unfairness in modern code reviews.

Thu 31 May

Displayed time zone: Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna change

11:00 - 12:30
Communities and EcosystemsTechnical Papers / Journal first papers at H1 room
Chair(s): Alexander Serebrenik Eindhoven University of Technology
11:00
20m
Talk
How Modern News Aggregators Help Development Communities Shape and Share Knowledge
Technical Papers
Maurício Aniche Delft University of Technology, Netherlands, Christoph Treude The University of Adelaide, Igor Steinmacher Federal University of Technology - Paraná / Northern Arizona University, Igor Wiese Federal University of Technology - Paraná (UTFPR), Gustavo Pinto UFPA, Margaret-Anne Storey University of Victoria, Marco Gerosa Northern Arizona University
Pre-print
11:20
20m
Talk
Adding Sparkle to Social Coding: An Empirical Study of Repository Badges in the npm Ecosystem
Technical Papers
Asher Trockman University of Evansville, Shurui Zhou Carnegie Mellon University, USA, Christian Kästner Carnegie Mellon University, Bogdan Vasilescu Carnegie Mellon University
Pre-print Media Attached
11:40
20m
Talk
"Was my contribution fairly reviewed?" A framework and an empirical study of fairness in Modern Code Reviews
Technical Papers
Daniel M. German , Gregorio Robles Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Germán Poo-Caamaño , Xin Yang Unionbigdata.com, Hajimu Iida , Katsuro Inoue Osaka University
Pre-print File Attached
12:00
20m
Talk
Collaborative Model-Driven Software Engineering: a Classification Framework and a Research Map
Journal first papers
Mirco Franzago University of L'Aquila, Italy, Ivano Malavolta Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Davide Di Ruscio University of L'Aquila, Henry Muccini University of L'Aquila
Link to publication DOI Pre-print
12:20
10m
Talk
Q&A in groups
Technical Papers